What is breast cancer? Breast cancer is the most common female cancer in the country. According to the available statistics, on average, about 8000 people in our country are diagnosed with breast cancer every year, and its prevalence is increasing in the last century all over the world.
Breast cancer is a very malignant tumor that originates from breast cells. This disease is more common in women, but its occurrence in men is very rare
Signs of breast cancer
Lump in the breast
The most common symptom of breast cancer is a single, painless lump in the breast
Change in breast size or shape:
If the size and shape of the breasts have changed or if the shape of the breasts is abnormal, it should be checked
Changes in the nipple:
Pulling in or turning back of the nipples, redness and scaling along with itching or any change in the nipples are considered important and should be checked.
Bleeding or discharge from the nipple
Stretching of the breast skin, change in color or wound and indentation and protrusion of the breast skin
Swelling and feeling of mass in the armpit and swelling of the arm
In general, any new change in the appearance or feel of the breast can be a sign of disease and should be checked by a doctor.
Effective factors in causing breast cancer
The factors that cause breast cancer are not known. Some of the predisposing factors that increase the risk of this disease in a small amount are:
- Family history of breast cancer in first degree relatives
- History of breast cancer in the opposite breast
- old age
- The onset of menstruation before the age of 14
- Menopause after 55 years
- Not giving birth
- Giving birth to the first child after the age of 30
- Lack of breastfeeding
- Obesity and high-fat diet
Breast pain is often not alarming and is not a sign of breast cancer, but it is necessary for a patient with pain to be examined by a doctor
One of the ways to deal with breast cancer is to have a healthy and hygienic life. This can be done by consuming sufficient amounts of fruits and vegetables every day, reducing the consumption of fat in the diet and adjusting the weight to an appropriate level, exercising daily, not Smoking and alcohol consumption and trying to be more relaxed and stress-free are available
Although it is not possible to prevent breast cancer, early and timely diagnosis has a greater chance of successful treatment of this disease.
Guide to timely diagnosis of breast cancer
Self-examination (breast self-examination)
Breast examination by a doctor:
All women between 20 and 40 years old should be examined by a doctor every 3 years, and women 40 years old and older should be examined by a doctor annually.
If there are risk factors, examination by a doctor should be done every 6 months
Mammography is an x-ray imaging of the breast and is the most accurate and reliable method for early detection of breast cancer
The first mammogram is performed at the age of 35 to 39 years, and after that, at the age of 40 to 49, every 2-3 years, and after that every 1-2 years, depending on the doctor’s opinion, but mammography may not be your last diagnostic procedure. And based on the results of examinations and mammography, according to the doctor’s opinion, there is a need for other measures such as ultrasound or sampling.
Among the proposed methods, methods 2 and 3 have been approved for early detection of breast cancer, but the first method is only aimed at increasing people’s awareness of their breast condition.
Non-interventional methods of breast cancer treatment
There are different treatments for breast cancer such as: